Belgium, Benin, Burundi, China, Ethiopia, Georgia, Ireland, Kyrgyzstan, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique
Peru, South Africa, Sweden, Tanzania, Uganda, Ukraine, United Kingdom, USA, Vietnam, Zambia
Researching National & Subnational Effects of Global HIV/AIDS Initiatives at the Country Level
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Bendavid E. Bhattacharya J.
Annals of Internal Medicine Vol 150, Issue 10, pp688-695
HIV/AIDS Services; Funding; PEPFAR
Quantitative analysis of trends of HIV/AIDS services.
To assess the effect of PEPFAR on HIV-related deaths, the number of people living with HIV, and HIV prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa.
Employed a fixed-effects model for longitudinal data with fixed time and country effects to analyze trends in 12 African focus countries and 29 control countries with a generalized HIV epidemic from 1997 to 2007.
By the end of 2007, PEPFAR spent more than $6 billion on HIV care, prevention, and treatment in the 12 focus countries examined in this study. In those countries, a reduction in the death rate of 10.5% implies that about 1.2 million deaths were averted because of PEPFAR's activities. This large benefit cost about $2450 per death averted, assuming that PEPFAR directed half of its budget toward treatment.